Conditional Sentences Without If beserta Contohnya | ENGLISHIANA

Conditional Sentences Without If beserta Contohnya

Conditional Sentences Without If beserta Contohnya

Conditional Sentences Without If beserta Contohnya – Di dalam bahasa Inggris, kalimat pengandaian umumnya dinyatakan dengan menggunakan kata jika “IF”. Oleh karena itu, kalimat pengandaian (Conditional Sentence) disebut juga dengan (If Clause) dalam bahasan “grammar”. Namun, dalam beberapa kondisi dimungkinkan juga kita membuat kalimat pengandaian tanpa menggunakan “IF” yang kemudian sering dikelan dengan (Conditional Sentence without IF).
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Conditional Sentences Without If beserta Contohnya

Conditional Sentence tanpa “IF” umumnya dibagi menjadi dua kelompok besar. Without IF conditional sentence menggunakan KALIMAT INVERSION dan menggunakan CONJUNCTION tertentu.

A. Conditional Sentences Without If dengan Kalimat Inversion

Conditional Sentence tanpa IF yang pertama ini dibuat dengan menggunakan kalimat “INVERSION”. Kalimat Inversion adalah kalimat dimana urutan posisi SUBJEK & PREDIKAT nya berbeda dengan kalimat biasa. Dalam kalimat Inversion, PREDIKAT diposisikan sebelum SUBJEK. Conditional sentences dengan Inversion ini dianggap lebih formal daripada conditional sentence biasa.
Bentuk Conditional Sentence tanpa IF dengan INVERSION ini berbeda pada masing-masing tipe. Pada contoh-contoh di bawah ini kode NOR dimaksudkan untuk (normal IF CLAUSE pattern) dan INV dimaksudkan untuk (INVERSION pattern).
a. Type 1 : Possible to happen in  the future (INVERSION TYPE 1 “SHOULD + S”)
NORMAL PATTERN          = If + S + V1 / TOBE (is,am,are), S + Will / Can / May + V1 / be
INVERSION PATTERN     = SHOULD + S + V1 / BE, S + Will / Can / May + V1 / be
Contoh:
NOR       : If you study hard, you will pass the exam with flying colours.  
INV        : Should you study hard, you will pass the exam with flying colours.
NOR       : If you don’t have any schedule tomorrow, I will visit you.
INV        : Should you not have any schedule tomorrow, I will visit you.

b. Type 2 : Impossible to happen now (INVERSION TYPE 2 “WERE + S”)
NORMAL PATTERN          = If + S + V2 / were + Object / Complement, S + Would + V1 / be
INVERSION PATTERN     = Were + S + Complement, S + Would + V1 / be
*Kalimat yang dapat dirubah ke dalam bentuk INVERSION untuk conditional sentence TIPE 2 hanya kalimat yang menggunakan TOBE (WERE)
Contoh:
NOR       : If I were you, I would go home now.
INV        : Were I you, I would go home now.
NOR       : If  My English teacher were absent today, I would stay at library.
INV        :  Were  My English teacher absent today, I would stay at library.
Type 3 :  Impossible to happen in the past (INVERSION TYPE 3 “HAD + S”)
NORMAL PATTERN          = If + S + Had + V3 / been, S + Would have + V3 / been
INVERSION PATTERN     = Had + S + V3 / been, S + Would have + V3 / been
Contoh:
NOR       : If I had studied here last week, I would have met her.
INV        : Had I studied here last week, I would have met her.
NOR       : If you had  not been absent yesterday, your teacher wouldn’t have been angry with you.
INV        : Had you  not been absent yesterday, your teacher wouldn’t have been angry with you.

A. Conditional Sentences Without If dengan Conjunction

Conditional sentence tanpa IF juga dapat dibuat dengan conjunction UNLESS dan OTHERWISE karena Ke dua conjunction tersebut sudah mengandung makna IF dalam konteks NEGATIF. UNLESS = EXCEPT IF dan OTHERWISE = IF NOT. Dengan menggunakan 2 conjunction di atas kita bisa membuat kalimat conditional untuk TIPE 1, TIPE 2, dan TIPE 3.
a. UNLESS
Contoh:
=> You will not pass If you don’t work hard.
=> You will not pass unless you work hard.
=> If I weren't really hungry, I wouldn't eat that food.
=> Unless I were really hungry, I wouldn't eat that food.
=> They would have kidnapped her if she had not given them the money.
=> They would have kidnapped her unless she had given them the money.
b. OTHERWISE
=> Do not talk to me otherwise I call to Police
=> He had come on time last week otherwise teachers would have abased him.
=> He must change his bike tire otherwise it will harm him.
Demikianlah sobat bahasan kita tentang without if conditional sentence. Semoga bahasan kita tentang conditional sentence tanpa IF ini dapat membantu Anda memahami materi ini dengan baik. Bagi kalian yang ingin melihat lebih banyak bahasan tentang IF CLAUSE, silahkan Anda kunjungi bahasan-bahasan berikut.



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